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Where cities and industry meet
(Picture by Michael Martin, PhD Candidate, Linköping University)
Perspectives and examples from the research and practice of Industrial Symbiosis presented at the conference Sym City << RETHINK! the 13th of October 2011, Norrköping, Sweden.
Industrial settings created increasing nuisance with noise, pollution and health problems in cities in the 20thcentury. The organization of industrial activities outside city boundaries was an answer to the growing problems. Although, economic growth, related extension of production and city boundaries often led to new tensions in the physical planning of the different functions of working and living.
Furthermore, bringing production activities together in industrial parks created also side effects such as a concentration of environmental pollution and growing commuting problems. During time, national and regional environmental policies together with environmental management in companies generated a better balance in the co-location of industry and cities. Preventive concepts such as Cleaner Production and Industrial Symbiosis put the discussion about the place of industry and living in urban areas on the agenda again.
Sym City Keynote speaker Günther Pauli has stated that Cleaner Production made the physical integration of zero-emissions companies in cities possible and the rigid division of working and living less stressful. Nowadays dialogues about Low Carbon Industrial Parks, zero-emission resource management, closing loops ofresource links in urban areas contribute to re-thinking the integration of Industrial and Urban symbiosis.
Entrepreneurial experiences and research reflections are presented and discussed in this session.
What is your three most memorable learnings from this conference, Lars?
Perhaps one of the answers is a new green economy, see news article on EEA website Rio+20 time to rethink the way we use natural resources and the film Planet RE:think The film had premier in Rio on 17th June 2012, see also Elinor Ostrom's last article on Rio+20
Launching a new CBI report, The Colour of Growth: Maximising the Potential of Green Business, John Cridland, the CBI Director-General, called on politicians to adopt a smarter, more consistent approach to energy and climate change policy.
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